(Exceptionally, this post is in Portuguese.)
No próximo dia 15 de Agosto, feriado, haverá greves de trabalhadores dos operadores de transportes públicos em Lisboa – Metro, Carris e CP. Como serviço público, aqui fica o mapa dos serviços prestados pelo Metropolitano de Lisboa e pela Carris nesse dia (clicar para ver em maior), tal como decretado pelo Tribunal Arbitral:
O mapa não é 100% rigoroso e/ou completo em termos geográficos. É, por outro lado, feito com base na informação presentemente (dia 10 de Agosto) disponível, e só captura a cobertura geográfica máxima observada nesse dia. Para mais pormenores e informação concreta (horários, frequências, etc.) queiram consultar p.f. as fontes noticiosas (p.ex., notícia do Público) e oficiais (sites dos operadores: Carris e Metropolitano de Lisboa; a CP não prestará serviço de comboios urbanos nesse dia).
Espero que este mapa vos seja útil no sentido de permitir utilizar a oferta disponível de transportes públicos de acordo com as vossas necessidades.
The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) has completed the tunneling work on their 3 New York City subway system expansion megaprojects: Second Avenue Subway, East Side Access and 7 Extension.
The Lisbon Metro (Metropolitano de Lisboa) opened on July 17 three new station on its Red line: Moscavide, Encarnação and Aeroporto. The Oriente–Aeroporto Red line extension is 3.3 km long. This extension will have a significant impact on the accessibilities to and from the Lisbon International Airport, thus becoming an important interface for air transport passengers and the majority of people working in the area. Additionally, this extension will also serve the residential areas of Moscavide and Olivais (nearly 7% of Lisbon’s total population lives in the Olivais area). The new link makes it possible to travel from Lisbon’s business center — Saldanha — to the Lisbon International Airport in just 16 minutes.
The Aeroporto station, serving Lisbon International Airport, is decorated with cartoons by the Portuguese artist António. You can see some photos of this station here, courtesy of Menos Um Carro.
The Lisbon Metro (Metropolitano de Lisboa) opened in 29 December 1959, making it exactly 52 years old today (precisely the number of stations its network currently has!). The initial network had 12 stations distributed along a Y-shaped line. Although the network kept being extended in the meantime, it was only in the 20th century (in 1995) that the Lisbon Metro applied the concept of multiple named and coloured lines to characterize its services. Nowadays, it has 4 lines with the following colours, names, and terminal stations (the names of the lines are rarely used by everyday users, which instead refer to the lines by their colours):
- Blue line: Seagull (Gaivota) line, Santa Apolónia — Amadora Este
- Yellow line: Sunflower (Girassol) line, Rato — Odivelas
- Green line: Caravel (Caravela) line, Cais do Sodré — Telheiras
- Red line: Orient (Oriente) line, São Sebastião — Oriente
Between the morning and afternoon peak hours, only every other train in the Yellow line runs the whole course; “Rato — Odivelas” / “Odivelas — Rato” trains are interspersed with “Rato — Campo Grande” / “Campo Grande — Rato” trains. Unlike in other systems, such as the NYC Subway
and the Porto Metro
, this special service does not bear a special designation or is present in the map. The Blue line used to have a similar off-peak shorter service.
The Lisbon Metro adopts a Beck-style network diagram, which is nevertheless a close approximation to the actual geographic map (which, in turn, is also used by the company at stations). The diagram in this 2010 official leaflet is completely up-to-date regarding the network: Continue reading
The Porto Metro (Metro do Porto) opened on 7 December 2002 (exactly 9 years ago today) and runs along the city of Porto (in the north of Portugal) and the surrounding municipalities. It runs mostly above the ground, thus earning some unfair mockery from the users of the Lisbon Metro, who consider it more of a tram. However, in terms of extent, the Porto Metro outperforms Lisbon’s subway and tram services put together: 80 stations over 67 km of line.
The Porto Metro service is organized over 6 lines, labeled with letters from A to F and bearing a different colour each. Five of the lines (all but Line D) share a common segment within Porto’s city centre; Line D crosses this segment at the Trindade station, turning it into the network’s main hub. In detail, here are the lines with colours and terminal stations:
- Line A (blue): Estádio do Dragão – Senhor de Matosinhos
- Line B (red): Estádio do Dragão – Póvoa de Varzim
- Line C (green): Campanhã – ISMAI
- Line D (yellow): Hospital São João – Santo Ovídio
- Line E (violet): Estádio do Dragão – Aeroporto
- Line F (orange): Senhora da Hora – Fânzeres
There is also a shuttle service over the B line, which is dubbed (in a style similar to the NYC Subway
“diamond” lines), Line Bx. Line Bx trains perform a shorter trip (Póvoa de Varzim – Trindade) and do not stop at all the stations on Line B.
This map I brought from Porto in July 2011 is totally up-to-date with this description, although the extension of Line D to Santo Ovídio was not yet open when I was there: Continue reading
The Cairo Metro (مترو أنفاق القاهرة)
The Moscow Metro (Московский метрополитен / Moskovsky metropoliten) opened in 1935. It is perhaps most well known by the monumental designs of its stations. Here is an example, the Kievskaya station, in a postcard I received from Oksana P., from Moscow:
The Moscow Metro has 12 lines, identified by numbers 1 through 11 and “L1″, with the following names and official colours:
- 1 – Sokolnicheskaya / Сокольническая
- 2 – Zamoskvoretskaya / Замоскворецкая
- 3 – Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya / Арбатско-Покровская
- 4 – Filyovskaya / Филёвская
- 5 – Koltsevaya / Кольцевая (“Circle”). Unlike the homonym line in the London Underground, the line is really very close to being a circle (in the geometrical sense) and is schematically pictured as a perfect circle in the map.
- 6 – Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya / Калужско-Рижская
- 7 – Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya / Таганско-Краснопресненская
- 8 – Kalininskaya / Калининская
- 9 – Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya / Серпуховско-Тимирязевская
- 10 – Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya / Люблинско-Дмитровская
- 11 – Kakhovskaya / Каховская
- L1 – Butovskaya / Бутовская. The “L” comes from the fact that it is a Light Metro (not light rail) line.
The Moscow Metro company also runs the 6-stations Moscow Monorail service, which is also shown in the subway map.
This map was sent to me by Olga D., from Moscow, through Postcrossing. Continue reading
The New York City Subway has a tricky nomenclature, revolving around the terms “line” and “service”. The lines are the physical tracks where the trains run, whereas the services (or “routes”) are the paths that the trains use along the lines. Each service is assigned a letter or a number, and a color (which, with few exceptions, derives from the main line that the service uses in Midtown Manhattan). The 24 services are the following, divided by color:
- sunflower yellow: N, Q and R;
- tomato red: 1, 2 and 3;
- light slate gray: L;
- lime green: G;
- vivid blue: A, C, E;
- raspberry: 7 and 7-diamond;
- apple green: 4, 5, 6 and 6 diamond;
- terra cotta brown: J and Z;
- dark slate gray: S (two different services: the Franklin Avenue and Rockaway Park shuttles);
- bright orange: B, D, F and M.
This June 2010 New York City Subway map was kindly sent to me by Stephanie A. from New York. Continue reading